Jamaica has called on the Caribbean and other leaders in the diaspora to speak out against the ongoing vaccine inequality insisting that equitable access to vaccines is critical in ensuring the economic recovery of developing countries, particularly those that are tourism-dependent.
“Indeed, the current state of vaccine inequity has to be dramatically reversed as global economic recovery efforts cannot afford to be delayed or prolonged for years, especially among the worst-affected regions,” Tourism Minister Edmund Bartlett said during a Tourism Linkages Network digital forum over the last weekend.
He told the forum, which was held under the theme “Tourism Diplomacy – Rebuilding Tourism Safely,” that since the onset of COVID-19, tourism-dependent economies, such as those in the Caribbean, have lost 12 percent of their gross domestic product (GDP), compared to 4.4 percent globally.
Bartlett said that the industry, which supports one in every 10 jobs globally, equating to over 330 million jobs, has seen 60-100 million of those lost since last year.
“Tourism is the engine of growth in the Caribbean and its prolonged disruption [by COVID-19] constitutes an economic catastrophe with rippled effects for all segments of national economies.”
He said that the millions of citizens, who directly and indirectly depend on tourism for their economic livelihoods “are desperate to be thrown a lifeline.
“It is, therefore, imperative that the sector survives during and beyond the current crisis so that it can continue to fulfill its vital role as a significant catalyst of global economic recovery and growth,” he told the forum.
Bartlett, noted however, that the inequitable global distribution of vaccines is a “serious emerging concern” that could potentially stymie the thrust to achieve economic recovery in developing countries.
World Health Organization (WHO) statistics indicate that to date, more than 1.06 billion vaccine doses have been administered globally, mostly in wealthy countries and Bartlett said data shows that only 7.3 percent of the global population of over seven billion people have received at least one dose of vaccine.
More significantly, he noted is that that 48 percent or nearly half of the doses already administered have been in high-income countries, equating to 16 percent of the world’s population.
Bartlett pointed out that while one in four persons in high-income countries have now been vaccinated, only one in more than 500 people in poorer nations have been inoculated.
He said based on this trend, it is estimated that the poorest countries “will not be able to reach a vaccination rate of 60 percent of their populations until 2023 or later”.
Bartlett said within the region, save for the Cayman Islands, Aruba, and Monserrat that have fully vaccinated significant percentages of their populations, most of the Caribbean “lags far behind.”
Citing figures for 14 territories indicating the extent to which they have administered at least one vaccine dose, he said that this ranges from a low of two percent in Trinidad and Tobago to a high of 30 percent in Antigua and Barbuda, with Jamaica at five percent.
Bartlett said a promising development is the fact that more than 200 additional vaccines are in development, of which more than 60 are at the clinical trials stage.
“It is expected that several billion doses of vaccines will be produced globally throughout 2021. We are certainly in a much better place than we were several months ago in terms of the global battle against the pandemic,” he said.
Bartlett said that the tourism industry has a vested interest in making sure that recovery happens as quickly as possible as the sooner the pandemic ends, the sooner people will start travelling again.
“If the global distribution of vaccines becomes significantly equitable throughout the rest of the year, there is a strong possibility that the return of tourism to near-normal levels by year-end and beyond will be quite possible.”
He said that in the final analysis, if Caribbean economic recovery is to begin this year and employment is to be restored and tourism is to return in a significant way, “many more vaccines need to be made available very soon.”
“The tourism industry, at both the global and region levels, must [therefore] speak up about vaccine equity louder than it already has and assume a more significant role in tackling the issue if the industry is to return to any sense of normality as without vaccine equity, there will be no travel recovery.:’
Bartlett that locally, he will continue to push for the industry’s frontline workers to be among the priority groups for the vaccine as more supplies come into the country.
Hundreds of workers, employers and other stakeholders in the sector were inoculated during the latest vaccination blitz.
“This will be critical in… ensuring that we are able to gain the confidence of the millions of persons from [visitor] source markets, who may travel shortly, that destination Jamaica is safe [against COVID-19] and that there is very little risk of infection in coming here,” Bartlett said.