On this day in history, December 16, 1926, Arthur Napoleon Raymond Robinson, the third President of Trinidad and Tobago serving from March 19, 1997 to March 17, 2003, was born. He is internationally recognized for his proposal that eventually led to the founding of the International Criminal Court.
Robinson was the first active politician to be elected to the Presidency, and was the first presidential candidate who was not elected unopposed, the Opposition People’s National Movement (PNM) nominated Justice Anthony Lucky as its candidate for President. President Robinson sparked controversy in his term in office when he refused to appoint certain Senators recommended by Prime Minister Basdeo Panday following the elections in 2000 and in 2001 when he appointed the Leader of the Opposition Patrick Manning to the position of Prime Minister after a tied election.
ANR Robinson went on to become Prime Minister through the National Alliance For Reconstruction. However, shortly after assuming the Prime Ministership, he developed the traits of being a complete dictator and wanted power at all costs. He dismissed Mr. Basdeo Panday, Mr. John Humphrey, and Mr Kelvin Ramnath from Cabinet. However, Robinson lost the 1991 elections due to his greed and lust for high public office. He rejoined the UNC Administration as a coalition member representating the NAR. However, once again, Robinson proved to be a difficult person to work with, but Mr Panday offered to nominate him to become the next Head of State, i.e. the President of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.