On this day in Caribbean history, November 30, 1966, Barbados became an independent state and Commonwealth realm with the British Monarch as hereditary head of state. Due to their colonial history and connection to the United Kingdom, even after independence, it is sometimes referred to as Little England.
The nation has a population of 280,121 people, predominantly of African descent. Despite being classified as an Atlantic island, Barbados is considered to be a part of the Caribbean, where it is ranked as a leading tourist destination. Forty percent of the tourists come from the UK, with the US and Canada making up the next large groups of visitors to the island. In 2014, Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index ranked Barbados joint second in the Americas and joint 17th globally (after Belgium and Japan, equal with the U.S., Hong Kong and Ireland).